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Module 5 英美文化欣赏-最新学*文档

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【导读】 《假如给我三天光明》是美国当代著名作家的散文代表作。该书 的前半部分主要写了海伦变成盲聋人后的生活,后半部分则介绍了海伦的求学生 涯。同时也介绍她体会丰富多彩的生活以及她的慈善活动等。她以一个身残志坚 的柔弱女子的视角,告诫身体健全的人们应珍惜生命,珍惜造物主赐予的一切。 Three Days to See(excerpt) All of us have read thrilling stories in which the hero had only a limited and specified time to live.Sometimes it was as long as a year; sometimes as short as twenty-four hours.But always we were interested in discovering just how the doomed man chose to spend his last days or his last hours.I speak,of course,of free men who have a choice,not condemned criminals whose sphere of activities is strictly delimited. Such stories set us thinking,wondering what we should do under similar circumstances.What events,what experiences,what associations should we crowd into those last hours as mortal beings? What happiness should we find in reviewing the past,what regrets? Sometimes I have thought it would be an excellent rule to live each day as if we should die tomorrow.Such an attitude would emphasize sharply the values of life.We should live each day with a gentleness,a vigor,and a keenness of appreciation which are often lost when time stretches before us in the constant panorama of more days and months and years to come.There are those,of course,who would adopt the Epicurean motto of “Eat,drink,and be merry,”but most people would be chastened by the certainty of impending death. In stories the doomed hero is usually saved at the last minute by some stroke of fortune,but almost always his sense of values is changed.He becomes more appreciative of the meaning of life and its permanent spiritual values.It has often been noted that those who live,or have lived,in the shadow of death bring a mellow sweetness to everything they do. Most of us,however,take life for granted.We know that one day we must die, but usually we picture that day as far in the future.When we are in buoyant health, death is all but unimaginable.We seldom think of it. 第1页 假如给我三天光明(节选) 我们大家都读过一些令人激动的故事,这些故事里的主人公仅仅活在有限并 且特定的时间内,有时长达一年,有时短到 24 小时。但我们总是有兴趣发现, 那命中注定要死的是那些有选择自由的人,而不是那些活动范围被严格限定了的 判了刑的犯人。 这样的故事让我们思考,在相似的情况下,我们该怎么办,作为终有一死的 人,在那最终的几个小时内安排什么事件,什么经历,什么交往?在回顾往事时, 我们该找到什么快乐?什么悔恨? 有时我想到,过好每一天是个非常好的*惯,似乎我们明天就会死去。这种 态度鲜明地强调了生命的价值。我们应该以优雅、精力充沛、善知乐趣的方式过 好每一天。而当岁月推移,在经常瞻观未来之时日、未来之年月中,这些又常常 失去。当然,也有人愿按伊壁鸠鲁的信条“吃、喝和欢乐”去生活(译注:伊壁 鸠鲁是古希腊哲学家,他认为生活的主题目的是享乐,而最高的享受唯通过合理 的生活,如自我控制才能得到。因为生活享受的目的被过分强调,而达此目的之 手段被忽视,所以伊壁鸠鲁的信徒现今变为追求享乐的人。他们的信条是:“让 我们吃喝,因为明天我们就死亡”),但绝大多数人还是被即将面临死亡的必然 性所折磨。 在故事里,注定要死的主人公往往在最后一刻由某种命运的突变而得救,但 几乎总是他的价



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